Children’s growth and development is a valuable experience for every parent. These two things will be an important information for parents in knowing their children’s health and adequacy in all aspects.

When a child grows and develops well, their growths will be similar with the general growth and development for a child at a certain age. These two things occur simultaneously at varying degrees.

In children’s cognitive development, according to Piaget, a child development psychologist classifies several stages of a child based on their ages. From a teacher’s perspective, this article will use Piaget’s two stages to help you as a parent to recognize and foster growth and development. Not only from a cognitive perspective but for all aspects of your child.

First Stage: Infant-Toddler (0-2 years old)

In this stage, a child will grow rapidly. As parents, you will enjoy every growth and development of your child. They will learn through reflexes and use all their senses.

Children will begin to learn by imitating people around them, especially parents. They will also easily remember everything that happened especially if it happened consistently.

There are several important things you can do as a parent at this stage. During their physical development, provide activities that can trigger them, such as:

  • Take a walk with them.
  • Allow children to play while running in a safe place such as a playground, but still under supervision.
  • Provide activities which can train children’s motor skills, such as drawing, arranging blocks/ puzzles, playing with flexible materials such as rubber, plasticine, etc.
  • Learn to use cutlery.

Besides that, providing nutritious food and breast milk are also the main keys in maximizing their growth and development. In social aspect, you can train their abilities by asking them to talk even when they have not yet able to speak. You can try to read books expressively for them so they can capture information.

Second Stage: Toddler-Kids (2-7 years old)

In this stage, children have mastered their motor skills and know how to maximize their sensory organs. This is also the stage where physically, they are in a good stage in their development.

It is an important task for you as a parent at this age to help their emotional-social aspect. At this age, children always want to win (egocentric). They begin to have their own views of the world and surroundings. This happens because their subconscious teaches that everyone shares their own feelings and thoughts.

One example is when your child sees his friend crying of seeing insects. Your child might think that all children are afraid of seeing insects, so he may follow his friends to cry.

No worries! Here are three things you can do for your child at this stage:


  • Provide short instructions. Using some details such as movements will greatly help children’s understanding in the instructions given.
  • Help children see that everyone can have different views. For example, when your child breaks his brother’s property. You could say something like, “Think about your brother’s feeling when you broke his favorite thing, how does he feel?”
  • Set and apply good habits consistently at home. It helps children develop in all aspects. For example, sharing food with siblings teaches “sharing with others”.

Make sure you try to do these three things above using language that is easy to understand.

Through these 2 stages, the importance of parents in the involvement of children’s growth and development can be seen clearly. Learn and enjoy the process as a parent, dear parents! Good luck!

May 9, 2021

Check out other Versions of this Article!
Check out other Versions of this Article!
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